Different types of shoes have different anatomy depending on its use. There are shoes which have up to eleven different parts that all contribute to its function. All the eleven parts play crucial role in the shoe.
There are some common parts that you will not miss in any type of shoe. Some parts comprise of the heel counter, eyelet and the heel collar that forms the upper part of any shoe. The other parts that contributes to shoe anatomy comprise of the outsole, lasting, the gel cushioning, midsole, space trusttic and the sock-liner. The vamp, welt, toe cap are also other important parts of the shoe.
There are other shoe that are also made up of the girth, the block, binding and platform amongst others.
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Anatomy of walking shoe
This is the lower part of any shoe. The outsole should be made of high quality materials as it is the part that gets in touch with the ground. For example, there are shoe that have outsole made from AHAR+. This gives the outsole the required grip and cushion qualities that makes it suitable for various activities. The high quality materials also ensures its durability and resistance to water. There are other outsole that are made from leather or synthetic. The type of material used in making the outsole always is determined by the function of the shoe. The outsole can also be made from rubber. Such are to ensure that the traction and shock absorption is catered for.
This is the other part that greatly contributes to the shoe anatomy. The midsole is on the lower part of the shoes but lies in between outsole and the insole. The main role of the midsole is to ensure durability and resistance to water. The layer lies between the upper part and the outsole. It is spongy and it consist of the SpEVA and the Solyte which are known for their long term service. Besides the durability, the materials of the midsole also brings about bounce in the running shoes hence very perfect.
The gel cushioning is a lower part of the shoe. The gel cushion has two main functions that makes it very crucial in any type of shoe. First it is for shock absorption. It also aid in attenuating the landing force. The cushion is always an additional material at the forefoot and at the heel of the shoe.
The last is another crucial part of the shoe anatomy. It is in between the midsole and the insole of any shoe. Just like the midsole, this part of the shoe is made from both Solyte and SpEVA. The combination of the two materials is mainly for cushioning and ensuring durability of the shoes. This therefore ensures that the part of the shoe is responsible for wear and tear. The last can be made from a combination of board last and slip last. There are other shoes that are either slip lasted or board lasted.
The space trusttic is located just under the arch part of the shoe. The part is made from plastic bridge that makes it very suitable to its function. The space trusttic provides great stability and strength to the shoes. It is for providing both the stability and strength without offering its flexibility.
This is the part of any shoe that ensures that you don’t get injured when you put on or take off your shoe. It is designed with a separate strip known as the tongue that provides the best comfort as you put on or take off the shoe. This will therefore prevent your foot from rubbing against the laces.
This is also known as the heel cuff and is one part of the upper part of the shoe. It therefore forms the shoe anatomy. Its main work is to ensure that your feet does not slip inside the shoe. Being on top of the shoe, it also provide support to the Achilles tendon and the heel.
The insole also known as the shock-liner is a very smooth and comfortable layer that your foot rests on inside the shoe. Its main activity is to provide great comfort. It is made from EVA material or quality foam that provides the best cushion and thereby ensuring comfort. It can also be removed to put in an orthotic. There are the insole that comes with double density foam. In some shoes, it is always a soft fabric where the foot rest on.
The eyelet are the small holes on top of the shoes that laces go through to adjust the shoes. The eyelet are quite smooth and large enough in size for easy adjustment of the laces. There are other shoes that lacks the eyelet.
The upper part of the shoes is made of several parts that all contribute to the shoe anatomy. The upper part is perfectly fitted. The four parts that makes up the upper part include the heel collar that is where the foot rest, the eyelet for tightening the laces, the tongue and the heel counter. It is also made of the vamp, the quarter and the linings. The upper part can be made from either the synthetic or natural materials. It can also be made from leather that allows air to pass through for some comfort.
This is the part of the shoe that ensures that your feet are held in the right position. The heel counter is made from plastic and is to the inside part of the high class running shoe. It is wrapped around the part that the heel of the foot. This part of the shoes is also important for providing lateral support and for motion control.
This is the front part of the shoe that always prevent pressure and crowding on the metatarsal heads.
This is the total measurement that moves around the foot and the metatarsals just at the ball of the foot.
It is part of the insole that is known for support provision.
This is the part of the shoe that covers the toes and the entire top of the foot.
It is the part of the shoes that covers the heel and the sides of the shoes.